RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE HEALTH LITERACY LEVEL OF MOTHERS AND DOMESTIC ACCIDENTS

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Number of pages: 15-25
Year-Number: 2022-2

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Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the health literacy level of mothers and domestic accidents and to investigate other situations related to domestic accidents, if any.

Methods: Our study was a descriptive study. A face-to-face survey technique was used in the study. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) scale was used to assess health literacy. The accident history of the children in the last one year was ascertained from the mothers.

Results: Among 250 women invited 202 people agreed to participate in the research. Forty-nine mothers (24.30%) stated that their children had a home accident that did not require hospital admission in the last year. Twenty-two mothers (10.90%) stated that they had a home accident requiring outpatient admission to the hospital in the last year, and only 2 mothers (1.00%) had a home accident that required hospitalization.  As a result of multivariate logistic regression analysis, it was determined that a one-unit increase in the age of the mother reduces the risk of an accident by 4%, while an increase in the number of children to be cared for increases the risk of an accident 1.58 times.

Conclusions: In this sample, one out of every four children is exposed to a domestic accident. While the age of the mother reduces the risk of domestic accidents, the number of children increases the risk of domestic accidents. Simple domestic accidents are on the rise with low health literacy. Family physicians and pediatricians should strive to reduce home accidents with the training they could provide. It should not be forgotten that the risk of accidents is higher for the children of mothers with low health literacy in these trainings.

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