Author :  

Year-Number: 2022-1
Yayımlanma Tarihi: 2022-04-30 16:06:54.0
Language : English
Konu : Family Medicine
Number of pages: 15-25
Mendeley EndNote Alıntı Yap




Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the health literacy level of mothers and domestic accidents and to investigate other situations related to domestic accidents, if any.

Methods: Our study was a descriptive study. A face-to-face survey technique was used in the study. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) scale was used to assess health literacy. The accident history of the children in the last one year was ascertained from the mothers.

Results: Among 250 women invited 202 people agreed to participate in the research. Forty-nine mothers (24.30%) stated that their children had a home accident that did not require hospital admission in the last year. Twenty-two mothers (10.90%) stated that they had a home accident requiring outpatient admission to the hospital in the last year, and only 2 mothers (1.00%) had a home accident that required hospitalization.  As a result of multivariate logistic regression analysis, it was determined that a one-unit increase in the age of the mother reduces the risk of an accident by 4%, while an increase in the number of children to be cared for increases the risk of an accident 1.58 times.

Conclusions: In this sample, one out of every four children is exposed to a domestic accident. While the age of the mother reduces the risk of domestic accidents, the number of children increases the risk of domestic accidents. Simple domestic accidents are on the rise with low health literacy. Family physicians and pediatricians should strive to reduce home accidents with the training they could provide. It should not be forgotten that the risk of accidents is higher for the children of mothers with low health literacy in these trainings.


  • 1. Roberts I, DiGuiseppi C, Ward H. Childhood injuries: extent of the problem, epidemiological trends, and costs. Inj Prev. 1998; 4, 10-6.

  • 2. Bertan M, Çakır B. Halk Sağlığı Yönünden Kazalar. Halk Sağlığı Temel Kitabı. Ankara, Hacettepe Yayınları; 1997.

  • 3. Kılıç B, Demiral Y. İzmir’de Bir Gecekondu Bölgesinde Evde Yaralanma İnsidansı. Bull Community Med. 2006; 25 (3): 27-32.

  • 4. Keall MD, Ormandy D, Baker MG. Injuries associated with housing conditions in Europe: a burden of disease study based on 2004 injury data. Environ Health. 2011; 10: 98.

  • 5. Köse Ö, Bakırcı N. Çocuklarda Ev Kazaları. STED. 2007; 16 (3): 31-5.

  • 6. Alptekin F, Uskun E, Kisioglu AN, Ozturk M. Unintentional non-fatal home-related injuries in Central Anatolia, Turkey: frequencies, characteristics, and outcomes. Injury. 2008; 39(5): 535-46.

  • 7. Carter SE, Campbell EM, Sanson‐Fisher RW, Gillespie WJ. Accidents in older people living at home: a community‐based study assessing prevalence, type, location and injuries. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2000: 24: 633-6.

  • 8. Morrongiello BA, Ondejko L, Littlejohn A. Understanding Toddlers’ In-Home Injuries: I. Context, Correlates, and Determinants. J Pediatr Psychol. 2004, 29: 415- 31.

  • 9. LeBlanc JC, Pless IB, King WJ, Bawden H, Bernard-Bonnin AC, Klassen T, et al. Home safety measures and the risk unintentional injury among young children: a multicenter case- control study. CMAJ. 2006; 175: 883-7.

  • 10. Mohammadi R, Ekman R, Svanstrom L, Gooya MM. Unintentional home-related injuries in the Islamic Republic of Iran: findings from the first year of a national programme. Pub Health. 2005; 119: 919-24.

  • 11. Agran PF, Winn D, Anderson C, Trent R, Haynes LW. Rates of pediatric and adolescent injuries by year of age. Pediatrics. 2001; 108: 44-54

  • 12. Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention. A WHO Plan of Action 2006-2015. Geneva: WHO; 2006.

  • 13. Emery CA. Parenting interventions for the prevention of unintentional injuries in childhood. Paediatr Child Health. 2017; 22; 220-2.

  • 14. Nutbeam D. Health promotion glossary. Health Promot. Int. 1998; 13: 349-64.

  • 15. BAKANLIĞI, TC Sağlık; MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ, Temel Sağlık Hizmetleri Genel. Sağlığın teşviki ve geliştirilmesi sözlüğü. Bakanlık Yayın, 2011, 814.1.

  • 16. Ozaydin, F., Demirci, H. & Karayurek, Y. Relatıonship between Occupational Accidents of Industrial Workers and Health Literacy and Workplace Safety Climate. Eur Health Liter J. 2021; 1: 47-57.

  • 17. Escudero, D. V. S., Furtado, G. H. C., & Medeiros, E. A. Healthcare worker adherence to follow-up after occupational exposure to blood and body fluids at a teaching hospital in Brazil. Ann Occup Hyg. 2015; 59: 566-71.

  • 18. Beauchamp, A., Buchbinder, R., Dodson, S., Batterham, R. W., Elsworth, G. R., McPhee, C, et al. (2015). Distribution of health literacy strengths and weaknesses across sociodemographic groups: a cross-sectional survey using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ). BMC Public Health. 2015; 15(1): 1-13.

  • 19. Ciftci F, Demirci H, Ciftci HN, OCAKOĞLU G. Validation of Turkish Version of Newest Vital Sign Scale to Assess Health Literacy. Bezmialem Sci. 2021; 9(2): 219.

  • 20. Erkal S. Identification of the number of home accidents per year involving children in the 0-6 age group and the measures taken by mothers to prevent home accidents. Turk J Pediatr. 2010; 52(2): 150.

  • 21. Ming HU, Hu GQ, Sun ZQ, Xiang HE. Epidemiological survey of the prevalence of non-fatal injury among children aged 5–14 years in China. Biomed Environ Sci. 2012; 25: 407-12.

  • 22. Bhuvaneswari N, Prasuna JG, Goel MK, Rasania,SK. An epidemiological study on home injuries among children of 0–14 years in South Delhi. Indian J Public Health. 2018; 62: 4.

  • Am J Public Health. 1995; 85: 932-938.

  • 24. Abacigil F, Harlak H, Okyay P, Kiraz DE, Gursoy Turan S, Saruhan G, et al. Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire. Health Promot Int. 2019; 34(4): 658-7.

  • 25. Híjar-Medina MC, Tapia-Yanez JR, Lopez-Lopez MV, Solorzano-Flores LI, Lozano-Ascencio R. The risk factors for home accidents in children. A case-control study. Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex. 1993; 50: 463-474.

  • 26. Erkal S, Safak S. Determination of the risks of domestic accidents for the 0-6 age group in the Tuzlucayir Village Clinic neighborhood. Turk J Pediatr. 2006; 48: 56.

  • 27. Reading R, Langford IH, Haynes R, Lovett A. Accidents to preschool children: comparing family and neighbourhood risk factors. Soc Sci Med. 1999; 48: 321-30.

  • 28. Híjar-Medina MC, Tapia-Yanez JR, Lozano- Ascencio R, López-López MV. Home accidents in children less than 10 years of age: causes and consequences. Salud Publica Mex. 1992;

  • Article Statistics