Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the health literacy levels of patients receiving
chemotherapy in Turkey, to develop written educational material considering the health literacy level
and to evaluate the appropriateness.
Methods: 360 patients who received chemotherapy at the Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Medical
Faculty Medical Oncology Outpatient Clinic. Descriptive and methodological research method was used.
The data were collected using the DISCERN, Patient Data Form, Turkish Health Literacy Scale-32,
Evaluation of the Conformity of Written Materials Form. "Chemotherapy Patient Education Guide" has
developed. The data were evaluated by using descriptive analysis, parametric, non-parametric and
advanced analysis in IBM SPSS Statistics 21 program.
Results: 72.2% of the patients receiving chemotherapy have a poor health literacy level and 6.1% are
excellent. The developed “Chemotherapy Patient Education Guide” was found to be high in reliability
and information quality by experts and patients.
Conclusions: With cooperation of health care professionals work on the development and growth of
written training materials in different disciplines and health policy regulators, it can be advised planning
and organizing training activities, development of written training materials and evaluation of the
readability level, reliability and information quality of the developed written training materials in
accordance with results obtained from the research. Nurses should plan educational activities that will
increase the health literacy levels of patients receiving chemotherapy, and develop written education
materials taking into account their health literacy levels.